II Conference of Ministers of Defense of the Americas
SAN CARLOS DE BARILOCHE REPUBLIC OF ARGENTINA
CONCLUSIONS OF GROUP 3
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
1. DISCUSSION ON CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES AND TRANSPARENCY
After listening to the comprehensive and varied explanations on the
activity developed by each of the participant countries regarding the strengthening of
confidence- building measures and transparency, in military relationships and defense
related issues,. we may summarize that the spirit and general objectives focused on the
- The adherence to the Santiago Declaration on Confidence and Security Building Measures,
as adopted by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), as per
- . It is clear that Defense and Foreign Ministries play an important role in the
implementation of the e Santiago Declaration, and Resolutions adopted by the OAS on this
- Communication, exchange of information, exchange of professional and educational
activities, combined military exercises, meetings of civilian and military officers in
charge of the defense policy of each country, and above all, a policy of openness and good
will, are important to reaffirm mutual confidence among states. This includes exchange of
information and participation of all states in the United Nations Register of Conventional
Arms, and the International Standardized Report on Military Expenses.
- Some of the participant States underlined their view that the adoption of Confidence
Building Measures does not indicate the existence of distrust in the Hemisphere.
- Various countries stated the need to develop public documents expressing policies and
doctrines related to defense issues. In that regard, the United States offered the
organization of a workshop on the subject.
- Full and participative democracy is a fundamental basis for the establishment of
confidence building measures.
The Group took note of the United States decision to provide
information in advance on the acquisition of significant weapons covered by the UN
Register of Conventional Arms, and it further called upon all states to join in this
2. EDUCATION FOR DEFENSE
A general opinion was reached on the benefits of developing
professional civilians proficient in defense issues. Within this context, various. topics
were discussed, among these:
- How democracies can be strengthened by civilian participation in defense related
matters, which may also be achieved through the promotion of education on said topics.
- Some of the countries high-lighted the participation of their respective Armed Forces in
activities contributing to national development as a positive contribution to the
relationships between civilians and the military.
- The United States presented its Initiative on the Inter American Center for Defense
The Working Group expressed its agreement on the need to promote,
develop, and improve civilian training in the sphere of defense.
The delegates from participating States made comments and suggestions
regarding the Initiative, especially in relation to the links with the Inter American
Defense College, its financing, its plans and programs, and its development as an Inter
American institution, and in general on the participation of civilians and military
personnel from throughout the Hemisphere in this Initiative.
Some of the countries expressed the possibility that the Center could
cooperate with already existing institutions.
Delegates to the participant States agreed to carry out consultation for the
development of the Initiative.