1.  First Summit of the Americas, Miami, Florida, United States (December 1994)

The President of Venezuela, Rafael Caldera, proposed to include an initiative against corruption in the Miami Plan of Action. The initiative recommends that an Inter-American Convention against Corruption be drawn up within the framework of the OAS.

In the Miami Plan of Action, the Governments committed themselves to:

2.  Between the two Summits (January 1995 � March 1998)

At a meeting in Caracas, Venezuela on March 29, 1996, the Inter-American Convention against Corruption was signed--the first of its kind in the world. Negotiated within the framework of the OAS, the Convention has been signed by 23 countries and ratified by nine.

As part of another hemisphere-wide effort, in 1997, during the regular session of the OAS General Assembly, the governments approved the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight against Corruption.  In December 1997, Argentina, Brazil, and Chile joined the 29 countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD, (including Canada, Mexico, and the United States) in signing the Convention on Combating the Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions. Domestically, many governments have taken steps against corruption, such as the adoption or strengthening of anti-corruption laws and the approval of codes of ethics for public officials.

  [Miami Summit/tracker.htm]