January 11, 2002
more information on activities in the area of
see the following Web Sites:
Equality mandates from the
Third Summit of the Americas
XXXI OAS General Assembly
San José, Costa Rica, June 3-5, 2001
During the General Assembly the following resolutions were
1768 (XXXI-O/01) Second Biennial Report on Compliance
with Resolution AG/RES. 1456 (XXVII-O/97), Promotion of
the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention,
Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women,
'Convention of Belém do Para'
A Resolution through which satisfaction is expressed for
the advances made by CIM and the Member States in the
promotion of the Convention of Belém do Pará and the
execution of its objectives. It also encourages
governments that have not already done so to ratify the
Convention, urging all Member States to continue promoting
measures for the prevention, sanction and eradication of
violence against all women in the hemisphere.
1777 (XXXI-O/01) Implementation of the Inter-American
Program on the Promotion of Women's Human Rights and
Gender Equity and Equality
This Resolution seeks to reaffirm governments' commitments
to integrate a gender perspective into their national
programs and policies. It also urges the Secretary General
to continue promoting the incorporation of a gender
perspective as an integral part of the OAS' activities,
policies, programs, projects and agendas.
1790 (XXXI-O/01) Appointment of Women to Senior
Management Positions at the OAS
This Resolution urges the Secretary General to reaffirm
the objective to achieve, before the end of 2005, that
women occupy 50 percent of the positions in all areas of
the OAS system. The Secretary General is also asked to
continue making gender equality a top priority in the
Secretariat's continued efforts to establish a new
management culture in the Organization.
Up to Gender Equality Mandates
of the Follow Up to the Inter-American Program on the
Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and
The meeting of
the Follow Up to the Inter-American Program on the Promotion
of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality
(SEPIA I, Gender and Labor) was held December 11 and 12, 2002,
in Washington, D.C. The
purpose of this meeting of experts in gender and labor,
comprised of government and civil society representatives, was
to analyze the Declaration and Plan of Action of the XII
Inter-American Conference of
Ministers of Labor
for the inclusion of a gender perspective, identify
areas lacking this perspective and suggest strategies to
promote its inclusion.
draft containing recommendations on the incorporation of the
gender perspective into the programs and policies of the
Ministries of Labor had been presented to the Ministers of
Labor when they met in Ottawa in October 2001.
The meeting concluded with proposals for the
institutionalization of the gender perspective; research and
studies; training; reviewing, strengthening and enforcing
rules; and several general recommendations.
For more details, please visit the CIM web site at www.oas.org/cim.
Third Regular Session
of the Executive Committee of the CIM
The Third Regular Session of the Executive
Committee of the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) was
held December 13, 2001, in Washington, D.C.
The Executive Committee met to review ongoing work as
well as their plan for the future.
Delegates were given reports on the status of the
project regarding the trafficking of women and children for sexual
exploitation; the follow-up to the Convention of Belém do
Para on Violence in the Americas; and the Inter-American
Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender
Equity and Equality. The
CIM Permanent Secretariat presented its Activity Report for
the period of July-November 2001.
Delegates also considered the preliminary agenda for
the Thirty-first Assembly of Delegates of the CIM, to be held
in November 2002. The next meeting of the Executive Committee will be held
February 21-22, 2002.
Violence in the Americas - Central America,
Mexico, Dominican Republic, Panama
As part of a regional effort to analyze the
progress made and challenges confronted in combating violence
against women in the Americas, over 200 experts from Central
America, Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Panama met in
Panama on August 27-28, 2001, in a meeting convened by the
Inter-American Commission on Women (CIM). This meeting is a
continuation of those that have already taken place in South
At the meeting, participants studied the
evolution of regional indicators of violence against women
since the approval of the Convention of Belém do Pará in
1994. According to the experts, there was an increase in the
violence statistics that can be attributed to the increase in
mechanisms through which women can file complaints. But more
resources to combat this violence is needed, and participants
therefore agreed to ask their countries for greater funding to
help in this area. They also agreed to work to make the fight
against violence a State policy.
A full analysis of the advances and impact
of the Convention of Belém do Pará will be presented next
year by the CIM to the Permanent Council, and then the General
Assembly, of the OAS.
The next meeting of this kind will take
place in the Caribbean in February, 2002.
Seminar on Women, Poverty and
On August 22,
2001, Miguel Angel Rodríguez, the President of Costa Rica,
inaugurated the three-day seminar, “Women, Poverty and Human
Rights: in Their Own Words,” which was organized by several
groups, including the Instituto Mixto de Ayuda Social,
Costa Rica’s Ministry on the Condition of Women, the OAS and
the OAS Social Network of Latin America and the Caribbean.
During the meeting, participants, which included public
authorities and representatives on women’s issues and on the
Welfare system from seventeen countries, considered a diverse
agenda and discussed a series of projects destined to improve
the situation of women in the hemisphere.
Second Session of the CIM Executive Committee
On July 19-20, 2001, CIM authorities,
government delegates and representatives of specialized
organizations met in Washington, DC. During the meeting,
participants expressed the importance of incorporating a
gender perspective into all economic, political and social
activities and raising awareness on the discriminatory and
abusive situations that various women throughout the
hemisphere have to deal with. The group also recognized the
work that CIM has accomplished in these tasks.
At the meeting, CIM presented its report on
the advances made in the implementation of the Inter-American
Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender
Equity and Equality (PIA) and in the development of three
important projects: Violence in the Americas; the Trafficking
of Women and Children for Sexual Exploitation in the Americas;
and the Business Leadership Training Program. The CIM
Executive Committee expressed its satisfaction on the approval
of the "Project for the Incorporation of a Gender
Perspective in the OAS – Strategy for its
Implementation," which is financed by the Canadian
International Development Agency (CIDA).
Incorporation of Gender Perspective in the Programs and
Policies of the Ministers of Labor
On July 10,
2001, the Inter-American Commission on Women (CIM) presented a
series of recommendations at the Preparatory Meeting for the
Ministers of Labor, which took place on July 12-13, 2001, in
Miami, Florida. The
report notes the advancements that various governmental and
non-governmental organizations have made with respect to the
incorporation of a gender perspective at the national and
international levels. Participating organizations included the International Labor
Organization (ILO), the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
and the American Federation of Labor and Congress of
Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO).
have offered the following recommendations and priority action
areas: the integration of a gender perspective in all of the
policies and programs in the labor sector; the collection of
disaggregated data on sex and age; equal remuneration for
equal work or for maintaining a secure and clean work
environment; the promotion of a social dialogue for female
workers; extended social protection to female workers who are
self-employed, are not remunerated for their work or are in
the informal sector, micro-enterprises, domestic service; the
right to collective negotiation or unionization; and, finally,
gender equality and equity in human resource development.
information on these recommendations, please click here.
Implementing the Belém do Pará
Convention (Violence in the Americas)
Gender violence experts from throughout
Latin America and the Caribbean have been gathering to review
the implementation of the Convention to Eradicate, Prevent and
Punish Violence Against Women (Belém do Pará Convention).
The meetings are part of a UNIFEM-sponsored regional
initiative by the Women's Commission of the Organization of
American States. The most recent sub-regional meeting was held
June 21-22 in Quito, Ecuador and was attended by experts from
the Andean region. The Quito meeting determined that the
overall implementation of the Belém do Para Convention in the
Andean region needs significant strengthening. UNIFEM is
working with national and sub-regional NGO representatives to
develop strategies to increase pressure on national
governments to fulfill commitments outlined in the
Training Course for Young People in the Province of Buenos
From May 7-11, 2001, the
Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM), along with the
Government of the Province of Buenos Aires, the Young Americas
Business Trust (YABT) and the Goldar Meir Monte Carmel
International Training Center (MCTC), of Israel.
included young entrepreneurs with small businesses, civil
society organizations and Municipal officials focused on the
areas of production, micro-enterprise development and
program is being offered as an alternative solution to the
problems of unemployment and underemployment in Latin American
and Caribbean countries.
Secretary of the CIM, Carmen Lomellín, expressed, in a
message sent to the program, the importance of incorporating a
gender perspective in all areas of society. She concluded by
mentioning the fifteenth initiative in the Quebec City Summit
Plan of Action, which encourages the participation of women in
each society’s development, and recognizes women’s
leadership capacities in the reducing poverty, promoting
social and economic prosperity, consolidating democracy and
follow up meetings, the following recommendations were made in
order to continue developing the program: awarding training
scholarships; developing a program on “Business Incubators
and/or Technology-based Incubators” in the province of
Buenos Aires; extending invitations to attend the program to
chambers of small and medium-sized businesses, chambers of
business and business associations existing in the
municipalities; and creating or improving micro enterprise
support centers and for the creation of business incubators
and high technology-based incubators.
This last recommendation was made by the Golda Meir
Training Center and CIM.
of micro enterprise support centers is a proposal that seeks
to strengthen the role of the Latin American woman as an
independent micro-entrepreneurs, increase the sustainability
of factories run by women and offer experiences on new trends
and managerial skills. The
proposal would be carried out in four phases: 1) the training
of female leaders; 2) the development of a Support Systems
project for micro enterprise in pilot countries; 3) the
creation of a network for information exchange; and 4) the
carrying out of an annual Regional Encounter in order to
analyze the advances made and obstacles encountered in the
furthering of this project.
information on this training program, please see its Final
January 11, 2002