Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
The Heads of
State and Government of the Americas are committed to
protecting the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all,
including those who are vulnerable, marginalized, disabled or
require special protection.
As a reflection of this commitment, they have taken the
following actions in the Summits of the Americas.
At the 1994 Miami Summit of
the Americas, countries emphasized the importance of promoting
and protecting human rights.
Leaders suggested that laws be reviewed and
strengthened for the protection of minority groups, and that
inhumane conditions in prisons be remedied.
Moreover, the right to freedom of speech was
established as a fundamental right of all people. The Miami Plan of Action was comprehensive, as well, in its
inclusion of under-represented groups, such as indigenous
peoples, migrant workers, women and incarcerated peoples.
Furthering the scope of this
mandate, the importance of human rights was strengthened at
the 1998 Santiago
Summit of the Americas, where Heads of State and
Government not only reiterated the actions outlined in the
Miami Summit, but committed to confront new issues and
challenges in human rights. These new mandates included the
training of police and correctional officers, the reduction of
pre-trial detainees, and the enhancement of human rights
education for judges, magistrates and other court officials.
Commission of Human Rights (IACHR) created the Special
Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression in 1997, as a
response to the recommendations of broad sectors of society
from throughout the hemisphere that shared a deep concern over
the constant restriction of freedom of expression and
the Santiago Summit, the hemispheric leaders recognized the
importance of a free press and the right to the freedom of
expression, information and opinion.
The first rapporteur began his work, then, shortly
after the celebration of the Santiago Summit, with the full
support of the Heads of State and Government of the Americas.
Please see the following links to access more information on the promotion of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms in the hemisphere:
Upcoming Events in the area of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms can be found in the calendar of events.
to see the archive of meetings that have taken place in the area of