At its simplest, a query can be just a word or a phrase. But with
the tips on this page, you can expand the focus of your query to give you more
These tips will get you started with basic
query language used by Microsoft Index Server.
for words with the same prefix. For example, in your query form type
key* to find key, keying, keyhole,
keyboard, and so on.
Search for all forms
of a word. For example, in the form type sink** to find
sink, sinking, sank, and sunk.
Search with the keyword NEAR, rather than
AND, for words close to each other. For example, both of these
queries, system and manager and system near
manager, look for the words system and manager on
the same page. But with NEAR, the returned pages are ranked in
order of proximity: The closer together the words are, the higher the rank of
Refine your queries with the AND
NOT keywords to exclude certain text from your search. For example, if
you want to find all instances of surfing but not the Net,
write the following query:
surfing AND NOT the Net
the OR keyword to find all instances of either one word or
another, for example:
This query finds all pages that mention Abbott
or Costello or both.
Put quotation marks around
keywords if you want Index Server to take them literally. For instance, if you
type the following query:
Index Server will literally look for the
complete phrase projects to present. But if you type the same query
without the quotation marks:
projects to present
searches all documents for the words projects and present.
Use Free Text Queries
if you want to enter queries using natural language. Index Server will examine
your query, extract nouns and noun phrases and construct a query for you. With
free text queries you can enter any text you want, from a proper question, to a
string of words and phrases, without worrying about the query language. For
example, if you type in the following query:
"How do I use submit a proposal?"
Index Server will create a query for you automatically and
begin the search. Note that when you're using free text queries, the regular
query language features are disabled and keywords such as AND,
OR, and NEAR are interpreted as normal