Organization of American States Summits of the Americas
Follow-up and Implementation: Mandates


  1. To promote, taking into account national needs and priorities, ways to optimize and facilitate the implementation of funding mechanisms for projects in the energy sector, in line with national energy development policies or regional projects, as applicable, including those involving the private sector, as appropriate, especially those that target energy security, the implementation of different types of energy, including, clean, safe, and sustainable alternative energies, and the adjustment and application of policies that, among other goals, promote these types of energy sources. To that end, we request the collaboration of the international financial institutions, in particular to address existing barriers to energy project financing, where appropriate, particularly recognizing the peculiar needs of the small states of the Hemisphere. (Energy, Initiatives VII Summit of the Americas, Panama City, 2015).

  1. To give greater impetus to expanding subregional and regional energy integration and interconnection in a framework of fair and efficient exchange and in accordance with national energy development policies, in order to achieve energy security and independence in the region, broader coverage, and access to investment. (Energy, Initiatives VII Summit of the Americas, Panama City, 2015).

  1. To promote energy cooperation strategies based on solidarity and complementarity, including fostering the sharing of information and experiences on measures adopted to enhance efficiency, coverage, access, and quality of energy services, as well as the development of diverse energy sources, using technologies and management instruments ensuring economic development, social inclusion and that preserve the environment, with special emphasis on less scientifically and technologically developed countries, through, inter alia, the transfer of technology, without conditionality. Additionally, to promote the use of indicators to provide reliable information for measuring progress made with these goals, and to request the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the CAF, the IDB, and the Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) to continue supporting the efforts of countries to that end. (Energy, Initiatives VII Summit of the Americas, Panama City, 2015).

  1. To acknowledge the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative of the United Nations which sets the goals of achieving universal access to modern energy services, doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency, and doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030. With regard to access to energy services, we propose to achieve the goal of universalization in our countries by 2022. (Energy, Initiatives VII Summit of the Americas, Panama City, 2015).

  1. To promote patterns of energy production and consumption that make it possible to achieve higher levels of energy efficiency, especially in the industrial, residential, and transport sectors, with due consideration for the environment and the specific needs and circumstances of each country. Accordingly, to implement education and awareness programs on the importance of promoting these patterns. (Energy, Initiatives VII Summit of the Americas, Panama City, 2015).

  1. To promote and/or optimize electrical interconnection and foster the development of renewable energy generation in the Americas. (Integration of Physical Infrastructure in the Americas, Cartagena, 2012).

  1. We recognise that energy is an essential resource for improving the standard of living of our peoples and that access to energy is of paramount importance to economic growth with equity and social inclusion. We will aim to develop cleaner, more affordable and sustainable energy systems, to promote access to energy and energy efficient technologies and practices in all sectors. We will aim to diversify our energy matrices by increasing, where appropriate, the contribution of renewable energy sources, and will encourage the cleaner, more efficient use of fossil fuels and other fuels (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We reaffirm the sovereign right of each country to the conservation, development and sustainable use of its own energy resources. We will continue to promote efficient and transparent energy resource management for achieving sustainable development in all our countries, taking into consideration national circumstances. We support the exchange of experiences and best practices and will seek to cooperate, where appropriate, in the implementation of energy efforts in the Hemisphere (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We will foster energy efficiency and conservation in the public and private sectors, particularly in our transport systems, industrial sectors, commercial enterprises, including small and medium-sized enterprises, as well as at the household level, and will promote cleaner, more sustainable patterns of production and consumption (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. Taking into consideration national needs and priorities and consistent with applicable national and international law, we will strive to foster investment and innovation in the development and diversification of energy sources and of efficient and environmentally friendly technologies, including cleaner technologies for the production of fossil fuels. Furthermore we recognise the importance of transparency in energy–related government and private sector activities (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We recognise the potential of new, emerging, and environmentally friendly technologies for diversifying the energy matrix and the creation of jobs. In this regard, we will encourage, as appropriate, the sustainable development, production, and use of both current and next-generation biofuels, with awareness of their social, economic and environmental impact. In accordance with our national priorities, we will work together to facilitate their use, through international cooperation and the sharing of experiences on biofuel technologies and policies (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

    Footnote presented by the delegation of Bolivia:

    Bolivia is of the view that the development of cooperative policies and arrangements intended to expand biofuels in the Western Hemisphere can adversely affect and impact on the availability of foods and raise food prices, increase deforestation, displace populations due to the demand for land, and ultimately aggravate the food crisis. It would directly affect low-income persons, especially the poorest economies of the developing countries. Thus, while the Bolivian Government recognizes the need to seek and use alternative, environmentally friendly sources of energy, such as geothermal, solar, wind energy and small and medium-sized hydroelectric plants, it proposes an alternative vision based on living well and in harmony with nature, developing public policies aimed to promote safe, alternative energies that guarantee the preservation of the planet, our “Mother Earth.”

  1. We will encourage the development of diverse renewable energy sources and technologies. We will develop national strategies, in keeping with each country’s capacity, to promote the science-based development and use of increasingly advanced technologies for sustainable energy production, taking into account possible social or environmental impacts (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We recognise that many sources of energy are available at particular times and locations. We will therefore, in accordance with applicable national and international law and considering the particular needs and priorities of each of our countries, encourage investment in the development and scaling-up of renewable and non-renewable energy, energy integration projects, new, efficient energy generation, including storage and energy sharing systems, cross-border transportation and distribution systems and other energy-trading and cooperation networks. We affirm that nuclear energy production in our countries will be carried out in strict compliance with our respective obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as well as under other applicable multilateral international agreements on non-proliferation, nuclear safety and nuclear security, to which the Member State is a party. We will cooperate to improve the security, safety, quality, reliability and protection of our critical energy infrastructure and supply networks, including regional interconnection networks where feasible and useful, and will seek to ensure that all links in the energy supply chain operate to the highest standards of human health and safety, environmental protection and physical security (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. Based on our technical and financial capabilities, and consistent with applicable national and international law, we will continue to promote cleaner energy through research and development, capacity building and the transfer, on mutually agreed terms, as well as the commercialisation, of environmentally sustainable technologies. We will also promote, where appropriate, participation in mitigation and adaptation mechanisms and funds, and in international carbon markets. Priority should be given to the sharing of information and experiences, and to increasing international cooperation and the fostering of domestic enabling environments to support clean energy technologies that could benefit all our nations (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We will aim to develop public education campaigns in each nation, with commitments from governments and industry, which serve to provide the people of the Americas with access to accurate, reliable and impartial information on energy, environmental and climate change issues (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We will take further action to improve and enhance the collection and reporting of market data on oil and other energy sources in all countries to ensure smooth functioning of energy markets at the regional and global levels. We will also support ongoing international initiatives such as the Joint Oil Data Initiative to promote improved governance, transparency and accountability in the energy sector (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We will continue to support the development and implementation of voluntary corporate social responsibility best practices in the energy sector, with particular emphasis on initiatives that enhance dialogue among government, industry, local communities, indigenous groups and non-governmental organisations, to enable all stakeholders to better understand, participate in and benefit from energy sector activities. We welcome the efforts of countries to effectively manage their extractive sector, thereby contributing to economic and social development, and environmental stewardship (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. We recognise the different and valuable existing energy cooperation and integration initiatives in the region, based, inter alia, on solidarity, complementarity, efficiency and sustainability. In this sense, and in order to advance hemispheric energy cooperation, we instruct our Ministers or pertinent national authorities, in a spirit of partnership, to develop cooperation strategies that will promote access for our people to reliable, efficient, affordable and clean energy, especially for the poorest sectors, and foster sharing of best practices and experiences, with a view to increasing energy efficiency, diversifying energy sources and minimising environmental impact, with the support of the institutions of the Joint Summit Working Group (JSWG) and other relevant international and regional organisations, within the scope of their mandates, as well as the private sector, as appropriate. To this end, we will convene a meeting as a first step toward the development of an implementation plan for this initiative, as well as other energy action items arising from this Declaration, for the consideration and approval of Ministers or pertinent national authorities. We further instruct Ministers or pertinent national authorities to submit a progress report on the implementation of this initiative by the next Summit of the Americas (Declaration of Port of Spain, 2009).

  1. Recognize that in pursuing the regional integration of energy markets, issues such as market reform and stability, regulatory reform and trade liberalization will be addressed; support and endorse the Hemispheric Energy Initiative which promotes policies and practices to advance such integration ;( Plan of Action Québec, 2001).

  1. Foster the creation and strengthening of transparent and predictable regulatory systems, which take into account the needs of the different parties involved. (Plan of Action Santiago, 1998).

  1. Promote legal, fiscal and regulatory systems in order to stimulate local and foreign private investment in the energy sector in those areas permitted by respective Constitutions. (Plan of Action Santiago, 1998).

  1. Increase access of rural inhabitants to energy services. (Plan of Action Santiago, 1998).

  1. Support policies and programs that will stimulate the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency. (Plan of Action Santiago, 1998).

  1. To support these actions, we will continue our cooperation efforts through the Hemispheric Energy Initiative. (Plan of Action Santiago, 1998).

  • Initiative 59. Recognize and support the work undertaken to implement the Summit of the Americas energy agenda, coordinated by the Hemispheric Energy Steering Committee, which promotes sustainable energy development and use by: increasing investment in the energy sector; promoting cleaner energy technologies in electrical power markets; advancing regulatory cooperation and training; increasing the economic and environmental sustainability of the petroleum sector; creating new opportunities for natural gas; promoting energy efficiency; developing rural electrification strategies; and sharing information on policies, programs, and projects to address climate change. (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • Initiative 60. Create positive regulatory and institutional settings to reduce barriers to energy efficiency investments and the development and use of renewable energy and clean technology projects which are economically feasible and socially desirable. (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • II.5 Energy and Minerals Recognizing that the primary challenges to the attainment of sustainable development in this area include:

    • Promotion in the Hemisphere of the most economically and environmentally efficient means of production, transformation, transportation, and use of energy, through policies and programs that facilitate bilateral, subregional and regional trade, in energy-related goods and services;
    • Attention to global and local environmental concerns by making existing and future energy production and consumption cleaner and more efficient and by increasing the development and use of renewable energy and clean conventional fuels;
    • Increase in the distribution of energy services to under-served areas, especially rural and indigenous communities; and
    • Creation of an environmentally responsible and socially sensitive minerals and metals industry, recognizing the key role of mining in the development of the Americas; and
    • The Hemispheric Energy Ministers Meeting, which took place in Santa Cruz de la Sierra in 1996, where the key role of energy in advancing sustainable development in the Hemisphere was identified; and
    • The First Annual Conference of Mines Ministers of the Americas held in Santiago in 1996, which called for the economic, social, and environmental development of mining in the Americas, (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • Initiative 60. Create positive regulatory and institutional settings to reduce barriers to energy efficiency investments and the development and use of renewable energy and clean technology projects which are economically feasible and socially desirable. (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • Initiative 61. Substantially increase access to energy services by under-served areas, especially rural and indigenous communities. In this regard, encourage community participation and cooperation of international agencies in the implementation, where pertinent, as well as in the financing of appropriate and efficient energy services. (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • Initiative 62. Promote the introduction of cleaner and appropriate energy production and consumption technologies and options, such as those involving alternative fuels, through public and private sector technology exchange initiatives. (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • Initiative 63. Encourage hemispheric, regional, and cross-border energy and mining cooperation by sponsoring consultations among the public and private sectors and civil society on specific issues relating to policies, trade measures, laws, tariffs, regulations, research, and institutional structures. (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • Initiative 65. Ensure that the relevant issues contained in this Plan of Action are considered and acted upon at the Second Annual Conference of Mines Ministers of the Americas, to be held in Arequipa, Peru, in September 1997, and at subsequent meetings of this group. (Plan of Action Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1996).

  • 12.2 Convene a follow-up hemispheric officials' meeting in the first semester of 1995 to encourage cooperation to study ways to develop the energy industry within the Hemisphere, consistent with the least cost national energy strategies and the activities described in the "Partnership for Sustainable Energy use" in the following areas: (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 12.3 Consideration of ways to use the energy sector to promote sustainable economic growth. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 12.4 Cooperation to study ways to optimize and facilitate the financing mechanisms of international financial institutions to support the development of projects in the energy sector, especially including those pertaining to the enhancement of efficiency in the use of energy and to non-conventional renewable energy. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 12.5 Cooperation to promote capital investment and to foster the use of innovative financial mechanisms to increase investment in the energy sector and the enhancement of efficiency in the use of energy and non-conventional renewable energy, in accordance with each country's legislation and developmental needs. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 12.6 Promotion of the use of efficient and non-polluting energy technologies, both conventional and renewable, leading to a higher degree of knowledge and technical expertise in this area.(Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 12.7 Consideration of the enhancement of ongoing efforts to establish electric and other energy facilities in accordance with domestic regulatory frameworks and, where appropriate, under sub-regional agreements.(Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 21.1 Consistent with Agenda 21 and the Framework Convention on Climate Change, sustainable energy development and use promote economic development and address environmental concerns. Governments and the private sector should promote increased access to reliable, clean, and least cost energy services through activities and projects that meet economic, social, and environmental requirements within the context of national sustainable development goals and national legal frameworks. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 21.2 Pursue, in accordance with national legislation, least cost national energy strategies that consider all options, including energy efficiency, non-conventional renewable energy (i.e., solar, wind, geothermal, small hydro, and biomass), and conventional energy resources. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 21.3 Emphasize market-oriented pricing, which discourages wasteful energy use. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 21.4 Identify for priority financing and development at least one economically viable project in each of the following areas: non-conventional renewable energy, energy efficiency, and clean conventional energy. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 21.5 Promote, in cooperation with the private sector and rural and isolated communities, rural electrification programs which take into account where appropriate the utilization of renewable energy sources, in accordance with the domestic regulatory framework .(Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 21.7 Encourage the World Bank and IDB to increase promptly and substantially, as a portion of energy lending, financing of projects in energy efficiency and renewable energy and financing to improve the environmental sustainability of conventional energy sources, in accordance with economic rationality.(Plan of Action Miami, 1994).

  • 21.11 Convene a Sustainable Energy Symposium in the first half of 1995 to discuss follow-up activities relative to this initiative. In the spirit of cooperation countries will share their experiences and discuss progress on implementing this action plan. (Plan of Action Miami, 1994).



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