Joint Summit Working Group (JSWG)
PROJECTS AND INITIATIVES: Health
PAHO launched the Partners’ Forum for Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases, with the active participation of governments, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations.
Evidence-based Neonatal Intervention Package
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed a regional initiative called the “Evidence-based Neonatal Intervention Package,” in order to raise neonatal and maternal care service quality standards.
PAHO provided support for participation by 22 of the region’s countries in the Pan American STEPS system and for the consolidation of their ability to use those data for planning and evaluation, in conjunction with the WHO; it also developed a minimum dataset for the monitoring of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). As a result, 24 countries have established national non-communicable disease units.
Primary Health Care
PAHO supported the countries in the formulation of plans and policies for the development of primary health care (PHC) based health systems and integrated health service networks; it also developed an analytical framework and a methodology for assessing the performance of health systems in the region’s countries in accordance with PHC guidelines, along with a regional network for encouraging operational research and exchanges of experiences with PHC.
PAHO organized national and subregional workshops to review technical and programmatic issues related to breastfeeding and complementary feeding, human milk banks, the Milk Substitute Code of Practice, and the design, monitoring, and evaluation of food fortification programs; it also launched a regional initiative for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and obesity.
PAHO launched the Pan American Alliance for Nutrition and Development, which was approved by the directors of the region’s UN agencies. This is an interagency undertaking enabling those organizations to combine their efforts, integrate mandates, coordinate agendas, pursue joint planning, and provide countries with technical cooperation focused on the factors that determine health and development.
The AH1N1 Influenza Pandemic
PAHO made efforts to strengthen partnerships for providing a swift response to the AH1N1 influenza pandemic. Agencies from 17 countries and territories are involved with the Global Outbreak and Alert Response Network (GOARN); 21 countries and territories participate in the Caribbean network; five countries in the Andean network; and five in MERCOSUR (the Southern Common Market).
Through the Ministers of Health, PAHO carried out the Regional Initiative for the Elimination of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV and Congenital Syphilis in Latin America and the Caribbean, with the support of PAHO and UNICEF.
© Summits of the Americas 2010